No matter how different the period and style the design of your landscape or garden is, always remember that they all make use of similar principles of basic design. The following factors must be considered when it comes to well designed gardens: its scale, unity, tone and color, space division, light and shade, and space division.
Garden designers must also be mindful about the seasonal changes and the maturation of plants. And unlike decorate and fine arts, it is also vital that the garden designer must consider time.
First, the aspect of unity will be discussed.
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Unity is an aspect that is usually lacking in gardens of today maybe because of the influence brought about by the contemporary era. People of today live busy lives and only get to patch their gardens and even their lives haphazardly. Nevertheless, when it comes to unity, it is more after the strength of the purpose or the totality of the garden design. The texture and tone and color can be used to unify the garden elements, but these do not immediately make a garden whole.
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Gardens nowadays make use of an inward design because not all people can afford to live in country estates where the horizon is easily seem over the hill. Nonetheless, making the garden design more static or progressive is not at that hard to do. Leading the eyes down an axis is the goal of the progressive type of garden design. On the other hand, the static garden design is made on an open space in the center where the eye is able to focus to the rest of the garden.
Scale is the second aspect one must be able to consider.
No matter your garden design, scale must always be taken into account. You should bear in mind that even an outdoor room is competing with the sky’s vastness. Ample proportion is always essential as well as familiarity with the laws of perspective. The human scale must be considered when it comes to defining the garden or landscape space. For your garden to relate more with other people, if you happen to have assets of enormous size such as gigantic trees, you should include a buffer or transition of medium scale.
Now there are two options when it comes to the scale of your garden design. You can choose to have all parts fit together as a whole. Meanwhile, you can only opt to get one part dominate the whole of your garden. This is one method of creating a focal point. You should also think about the reaction both your eyes give. When you look down, your view is lengthened, whereas when you look uphill, your view is shortened. You may blur or enlarge your garden boundaries by placing them in shade.